Global Consequences of Nuclear Weapons, Radioactive Waste Dumps and Sunken Nuclear Submarines Cause Radioactive Pollution in the Arctic Marine Environment. In this study, researchers investigated the possible effects of the leaks of two sunken submarines, which contain large amounts of cesium-137.Its compartments have very thick steel walls that are not easily damaged. In addition, the reactor is now cooled with a practically unlimited amount of water. Meanwhile, the nuclear cores of these torpedoes, which are made of uranium and plutonium, are likely to oxidize and are now not soluble in water.
In other words, these nuclear submarines are not that dangerous even though they are very corroded. Although pollution in the Arctic is the best known, the United States Navy has also dumped low-activity nuclear waste into the coastal waters of the United States. Navy Says Monitoring Has Found No Environmental Hazard. Kurt Weldon (R) of Pennsylvania, Chairman of the House Military Research and Development Subcommittee, says there is a pressing need for an international effort to assess military radioactive contamination of seas.
As long as the civil agency Rosatom is in charge of the cleanup, the Russian military has little incentive to stop this nuclear wave, says Nilsen. Both submarines are still at the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean with their nuclear reactors in place. The USS Carl Vinson, an aircraft carrier powered by two nuclear reactors, is docked near San Diego, California. The disaster is one of the few nuclear submarine accidents that have attracted public attention.
Ingar Amundsen, head of international nuclear safety at the Norwegian Nuclear Safety and Radiation Authority, agrees that it is a question of when, not if, sunken submarines will pollute waters if left as is. In the United States, concern about nuclear pollution of the oceans has been increasing since 1993, when Alexei Yablokov, a member of the National Security Council of Russian President Boris Yeltsin, revealed that the Russian Navy and its Soviet predecessor had been dumping radioactive waste and decommissioned submarine reactors in the Arctic waters of the Kara, Barents and White Seas for several decades. The nuclear reactor compartment is shielded to protect the crew from radiation released by the reactor and crew access is prohibited during reactor operation. Scorpion is getting a lot of attention, because not only does it have a powerful nuclear reactor with a lot of fuel, but it is also equipped with two Mark 45 torpedoes with nuclear tip.
However, dismantled nuclear submarines contain substantial radioactivity and, therefore, a policy of dumping at sea would entail the resumption of dumping of radioactive waste at sea, in contravention of the current global moratorium on this practice. For more information on the Naval Reactor Installation, visit the Naval Nuclear Laboratory website. This is not a hypothetical question: several nuclear submarines have already been destroyed in terrible accidents. The largely consultative body also called on the European Commission to seek immediate international negotiations “to stop the global danger emanating from lost nuclear weapons.
CTA report comes amid growing calls for international effort to assess and stop ocean pollution by nuclear navies. Department of Energy (DOE) discards some types of contaminated reactor parts from nuclear ships at Hanford facility in Washington State. So, while the next nuclear cleanup is going to be the largest of its kind in history, it may prove to be just a prelude to what is needed to deal with the next wave of nuclear power in the Arctic. .